What you should know
These include global bodies like FIFA and IFAB, continental confederations, and organisations that represent particular interests, such as European Leagues and European Club Association.
Public institutions, governments and international organisations play a critical role in this ecosystem on issues like sporting integrity and labour rights. These include the World Health Organisation and the European Commission.
While the voice and power they have varies between countries and continents, there are additional participants involved too: football fans, broadcasters, sponsors, human rights groups and non-profit organisations all play a roll in the governing of football.