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In recent years, FIFPro has been initiating and/or conducting scientific studies about the health and safety of professional footballers, both among current and retired players. An overview of these studies and related scientific publications.


2015

Prevalence of mental health problems in retired professional footballers

In this research the prevalence of symptoms of mental disorder within former professional footballers is exposed. The study surveys over 200 former players to learn the rates of depression, sleep disturbance, adverse health behaviours and distress in this group.

Severe injuries and symptoms of CMD in European professional footballers

This research confirms FIFPro’s pilot study on mental health problems in professional footballers. It goes one step further and establishes causes for symptoms of mental health problems, finding that stressors such as severe injury lead to a much higher probability of mental illness. 

Mental illness among current and retired professional footballers

(Ongoing) - After a successful pilot-study in 2013, FIFPro started in April 2014 a large international study about mental illness among both current and retired players. The baseline data have been analysed and publications submitted, the follow-up measurements (6- and 12-months follow-up) are ongoing.

Hip osteoarthritis among retired professional footballers

Next to the knee and ankle joints, the hip joint is particularly at risk for the occurrence of osteoarthritis after retirement from professional football. In this systematic review, the recent scientific literature was retrieved in order to (among others) explore the prevalence of hip osteoarthritis among retired professional footballers.

 

2014

Life span perspective of professional footballers' health

In this letter, Chief Medical Officer dr. Vincent Gouttebarge acknowledged together with former FIFA medical Committee member professor Haruhito Aoki the challenges associated to the long term health and safety of professional footballers.

View of current and former players on the medical care and support

The aim of this study was to explore which kinds of medical support are currently available during and after a career as professional footballer and what are the needs towards improvement in the medical care and support. Therefore, a study based on a qualitative approach (interviews) was conducted.

Description of mortality among current and recently professional footballers

Since 2007, FIFPro has been collecting international data on the death of professional footballers. Based on these data, a study was conducted in order to describe the characteristics (demographic, geographic, football-related, cause...) of mortalities from 2007 to 2013 among active (during career) and recently retired (post career) professional footballers.

Ankle osteoarthritis among retired professional footballers

Next to the hip and knee joints, the ankle joint is particularly at risk for the occurrence of osteoarthritis after retirement from professional football. In this book chapter, the epidemiology of ankle osteoarthritis among retired professional footballers is discussed in terms of prevalence, etiology, diagnostic and treatment.

 

2013

Mental and psychosocial health among current and retired pro footballers

Initiated in 2013, this pilot-study aimed to determine the prevalence of mental health problems (distress, burnout and anxiety/depression) and psychosocial difficulties (low self-esteem and adverse health behaviour) in current and former professional footballers, and to explore the association between psychosocial stressors (severe injury, surgery, low social support and LEs) and mental health problems.

Consequences of osteoarthritis among retired professional footballers

Osteoarthritis is a joint condition that is rather prevalent among retired professional footballers. The aim of this systematic review was the search the scientific literature and explore whether osteoarthritis induces some functional limitations among retired players.

Medical examinations performed in Dutch professional football

During their career, professional football players undergo periodic medical examinations intended to screen and monitor their fitness and health. The aim of this study was to explore the content of medical examinations undertaken in Dutch professional football clubs.

 

2012

Creatine as supplement in professional football

Creatine supplementation is a popular ergogenic in order to enhance performances in sports. The purpose of this double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial was to evaluate the effect of a short-term oral creatine supplementation on body mass and maximal performance in professional footballers.

Knee and ankle osteoarthritis among retired professional footballers

Next to the hip joint, the knee and ankle joints are particularly at risk for the occurrence of osteoarthritis after retirement from professional football. In this systematic review, the recent scientific literature was retrieved in order to explore the prevalence of knee and ankle osteoarthritis among retired professional footballers.

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